What You Have to Know About Opiate Addiction

Published: 10th February 2008
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Addiction is a massive international crisis. Opiate-related drugs turn out to be some of the most common prohibited drugs nowadays. Opiates are vastly obtainable and tremendously circulated both locally and internationally. Before discussing opium-based addiction, its properties, and its treatment procedures, it is important to learn more about the opiate drug first.



Basically, an opiate is a drug that comes from the sleep-bringing poppy plant. The main variants of opium-derived compounds include heroin, morphine, thebaine codeine, and papaverine. Amusingly, two of the most common types of opium-derived compounds, heroine and morphine, have similar chemical structures. Because of this feature, heroin can be traced in urine screening when morphine is being applied to the human body. According to medical research, heroin has the ability to be a nervous system tranquilizer and it has the capability to access the human brain more quickly as compared to morphine. Actually, both substances are used as painkillers and sedatives that provide rest.



(1) Morphine: Morphine or opiate analgesic drug is the most common and the most obtainable opiate nowadays. Morphine is a kind of alkaline-derived compound. Morphine is very important in medical studies since it is used for the treatment of diseases like pulmonary edema. An oversupply of morphine can create several problems to the wellbeing of the drug dependent person. The diseases caused by morphine overdose include hypoventilation, lung swelling, congestive heart failure, respiratory failure, profound unconsciousness, or even death.



(2) Codeine: Codeine is somewhat similar to morphine, content-wise. Codeine is also used as a prescribed drug for tusis, acute and severe pain, bowel syndrome, and diarrhea. An overabundance can generate several problems such as itching, nausea, euphoria, drowsiness, miosis, vomiting, urinary retention, constipation, dry mouth, hypotension, and respiratory complications.



(3) Papaverine and Thebaine: The structure of thebaine is rather comparable to those of morphine and codeine. Thebaine is also known as paramorphine. This type of medication is not administered alone. Some of the drugs that are used with thebaine include etorphine, oxymorphone, nalbuphine, oxycodone, buprenorphine, naltrexone, and naloxone. An oversupply of thebaine is completely similar to the effects of morphine and codeine.



(4) Heroin: Heroin is referred to as a semi-synthetic sedative. Since the demand for this opium-based drug is extremely high, heroin production is also one of the fastest rising illicit industries. The most common method of misusing heroin is the administration of the substance to the body through an injection. Heroin goes by the trademark name Diamorphine. An addiction to heroin-types of opiates may lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and other sexually-transmitted diseases. An oversupply of heroin may result to severe problems like persistent constipation, kidney failure, hypoventilation, profound unconsciousness, as well as death.



The lone source of opium-derived compounds is the sleep-bringing poppy plant. The property of opium-derived compounds depends on the water content of the sleep-bringing poppy plant.



The liquid kind of opium-derived compounds is referred to as methadone, a drug that is utilized in the removal of toxic substances from the body of drug dependent people. An oversupply of methadone may possibly lead to addiction.



Opiate-related drugs possess a number of helpful side-effects on the body in moments when they are prescribed by medical specialists as painkillers. When oversupplied, opium-derived compounds may result to a number of serious health difficulties. Addiction to opium-based compounds may initiate physical and psychiatric dependence. Muscle pull is a common side-effect that resulted from the recurring use of opium-derived compounds. Respiratory complications are some of the possible effects of opium-derived compounds. The other side-effects of opium-based addiction include hypotension, constipation, skin rashes, and cracked lips. Addiction to opium-based substances may damage the brain and it may cause stupor and profound unconsciousness. Finally, a constant intake of opium-derived compounds may lead to the passing of the person with addiction issues.



The treatment techniques for opium-based addiction may be done in a non-residential or a residential basis. The full treatment technique in both situations is separated into two phases: the detoxification and the counseling. Detox involves the removal of toxic substances from the addicted person's body. In counseling, the person who is addicted to drugs is persuaded to lead a healthier life.



While the drug dependent person is bearing the different treatment procedures, support from his relatives, his friends, and the society are extremely needed.



*Berlin Flores is a health and wellness writer who specializes in opiate addiction subjects. Access the opiate addiction webpage http://www.drugrehabprogram.net for more details regarding opiate addiction.

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